Turn to The Future: A 360-Degree Rotating Apartment Building


Urbanization has become a big trend in the world. Many cities are bursting out or are about to. Instead of access to good education or medical care, the biggest class conflict for coming generations will be who has the best view.

Turn+To+THe+Future-1Turn+To+THe+Future-2Buildings will become higher and more people who live in the lower floors of buildings will get their view blocked.

In the future, people with very high incomes will own the top floors and people with middle to lower income will only have an imperfect view from their living spaces.

A durable solution for this problem could be the ‘Turn to The Future’.

What is it?

27ef868543abf9c4e16439c1aeb8f0bdTurn to The Future is a spiral rotating building concept of the future developed by industrial designer Shin Kuo at San Francisco’s Academy of Art University that should provide citizens sustainability. Besides, it literally gives new perspective to the urban architecture in the future and gives a chance to connect with the environment.

How does it work? The Turn to The Future includes a system that allows each unit to rotate on a spiral track at predetermined times. Due to this, all the apartments in the building are equivalent.




Because of the design, each resident can share a 360-degree view of the city from their building. This makes them enjoy the high quality of their living spaces.

Kuo plans to realize this building by applying 3D printing to build the units, featuring a combination of aluminum, steel, smart glass and solar panels. But he also utilizes lighter materials into the framework such as carbon fiber, bendable concrete and artificial bone.

Why is it cool?

For now, the concept of Kuo is no more than an idea. But wouldn’t it be amazing to see and use a rotating tower like this?

I think this idea would be fantastic, because the Turn to The Future gives people a chance to enjoy the high quality of living spaces and share the equal view of their city and landscape.

Furthermore, this concept will change the way that citizens interact with their environment. Turn to The Future will foster new awareness of the ground, sky, light, gravity and shadow and offers a new lifestyle. It’s an innovative project that will change the definition of the history of building.

Also, the idea of the Turn to The Future contains a fair system and responds to the need for more equality and sharing, rather than more or better. Particularly the individualization has promoted this.

Finally, people like to get astonished. That’s why this signal suits well to the Experience Economy.

In the future, signals like the Turn to The Future make the desire to live together in a new and better way come true.








The End of Sitting: A future workspace?


Science says sitting is terrible for your health and you can early die if you sit too long (nrcQ, 2015). But most of the surroundings we use are designed for sitting down. ‘The End of Sitting’ is a perfect solution to perhaps solve this. Besides this, it suits well with the comfortable and flexible architecture for modern urban nomads, which embraces a 24/7/365 lifestyle, creating their own opportunities and places to work, live and play (Science of the Time).

What is it?

The End of Sitting is an experimental work landscape, which explores to work standing up and switch from different postures during the day. It’s a project of studio RAAAF (Rietveld Architecture- Art- Affordances) and visual artist Barbara Visser. Further more it’s developed in collaboration with Looiergracht 60 (Soraya Notoadikusumo and Nadine Mills), a new space for art and science in Amsterdam.

RAAAF-Rietveld-Architecture-Art-Affordances-The-End-of-Sitting-000956image 547fa4fbe58ece4f800000bc_the-end-of-sitting-raaaf_raaaf___the_end_of_sitting_photo_ricky_rijkenberg_74-1000x714

They wanted to create a physical notion for the future workspace, where the chair and desk are no longer unquestionable starting points. Here you can find an intersection between art, architecture, science and office design.

It’s called the End of Sitting, because in this surrounding you work leaning, standing, hanging or lying. It just depends of what you feel comfortable with.


RAAAF-Rietveld-Architecture-Art-Affordances-The-End-of-Sitting-000972imageThe End of Sitting can’t be seen or tried anymore. Perhaps you can look if the movie ‘The End of Sitting 1:1 – Een projectie’ is still available, which the Akademie van Kunsten (KNAW), Looiersgracht 60, RAAAF en Barbara Visser have presented on the 23th of March 2015.

Below you can see two videos. The first one is an animation that shows the outstanding landscape of affordances. The second one is about the research for the project, which shows the evolution of the modern office.

Why is it cool?

The End of Sitting is an example of a cool signal, because it creates a first step towards a future where standing work is the new norm and the chance of a longer living. With this concept you can create an ideal design and flexible workspace scenarios for the non-sitter, where different natural human body postures and movements can be adopted. The End of Sitting is handled with a clever use of space. Besides it can be cozy, provide more contact and cooperation between people (of course this depends if you want to talk with other people or not). Finally, the innovative forms of mobility from the concept fits well with the urban nomad lifestyle.

So firstly, it will inspire the modern urban nomads. Secondly, it will also inspire normal people, who at the the first thought think the concept seems a little bit strange. Later on they’ll find out that it’s more fun and healthy to work like this than in a normal workspace with a table and chair.

What if standing while working becomes the new norm?

If concepts/initiatives like this can be created by organizations/companies in the future, people would not only be healthier but also happier. Absence by illness will reduce and employees’ productivity will increase.

Work will not be the same and less boring in the future. Experimental living and working will be interwoven with our lifestyles. We will all be growing more to the trend urban nomads. Individualization has and will have a major impact on this.